The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of July observances are:
Cooperatives are critical in supporting indigenous communities, and in offering productive employment opportunities for women, youth, persons with disabilities, older persons and others who face discrimination and marginalization. On International Day of Cooperatives, we celebrate how cooperatives build a better world by advancing sustainable development, social integration and decent work. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1992 resolution A/RES/47/90.
The world population reached 7 billion people in 2011, up from 2.5 billion in 1950. World Population Day highlights both the challenge and the opportunity of the world's growing population. The Day focuses attention on the urgency and importance of finding solutions for the world's population issues. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day through its 1989 resolution 89/46.
Young people are almost three times more likely to be unemployed than adults and continuously exposed to lower quality of jobs, greater labor market inequalities. In addition, women are more likely to be underemployed and under-paid, and to undertake part-time jobs or work under temporary contracts. That is why education and training are key determinants of success in the labor market. Skills and jobs for youth feature prominently in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and SDG target 4.4 calls for a substantial increase in the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day through its 2014 resolution A/RES/69/145.
Nelson Mandela International Day recognizes the former South African President’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom. The UN joins a call by the Nelson Mandela Foundation to devote 67 minutes to helping others as a way to mark this Day. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this observance in its 2009 resolution A/RES/64/13.
An estimated 1.4 million cases of hepatitis occur annually. Despite its staggering toll on health, hepatitis remains a group of diseases that are largely, undiagnosed and untreated. This Day was first marked by the World Health Organization in 2011. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this observance in its 1993 resolution A/RES/47/237.
July 30 is the International Day of Friendship. With the help of a shared spirit of human solidarity – friendship, many challenges, crises and forces of division worldwide can be addressed. This day promotes the idea that friendship between peoples, countries, cultures and individuals can inspire peace efforts and build bridges between communities. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this observance in its 2011 resolution A/RES/65/275.
The World Day against Trafficking in Persons was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/68/192. Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. UNODC, as guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the Protocols thereto, assists States in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons․