formerly called Country Programme Adviser - CPA
նախկինում կոչվում էր երկրի ծրագրի խորհրդատու
Unauthorized; beyond the scope of power allowed or granted by a corporate charter or by law.
Չթույլատրված. կորպորացիայի կանոնադրությամբ կամ օրենքով սահմանված, կամ շնորհված լիազորության շրջանակից դուրս:
Initiative of the Outreach Division of the Department of Public Information; has aligned institutions of higher education with the United Nations in supporting 10 principles in the areas of human rights, literacy, sustainability and conflict resolution. The formal launch of Academic Impact took place on November 2010. The initiative has been open to all institutions of higher education granting degrees or their equivalent, as well as bodies whose substantive responsibilities relate to the conduct of research.
Quarterly magazine published in all six official languages. Previously published monthly and called UN Monthly Chronicle.
Online edition - UN Chronicle Online Edition [or UN Chronicle online edition; or UN Chronicle Online (in English and French)]
Done at Paris, France, on 14 September 1994.
An online educational service created in 1996 as the online education component of the Global Teaching and Learning Project, UNHQ. Within the Cyberschoolbus site there are a number of activities and projects that teach students interactively about global issues.
The specific aims of the Cyberschoolbus are: to create an online global education community; to create educational action projects to show students that they have a role in finding solutions to global problems; to give students a voice in global issues; to provide high-quality teaching resources to a wide range of educators in a cost-effective manner.
As of June 2009, part of the Education Outreach, of the Outreach Division, Department of Public Information (DPI).
24 October. The 24 October 1945 is when the Charter of the United Nations entered into force.
First United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (1997-2006). Second United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2008-2017).
United Nations body to be found in New York, USA, and Geneva, Switzerland.
By General Assembly resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991, the Assembly authorized the designation by the Secretary-General of the Emergency Relief Coordinator and the merging of the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator and several disparate complex emergency structures into the Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat.
In 1998, as part of Secretary-General Annan’s programme for reform, the Department of Humanitarian Affairs was superseded by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
The incumbent is the Under-Secretary-General heading the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs -- i.e., the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator.
See United Nations system
Prominent personalities from the worlds of art, music, film, sport, literature and government who have volunteered their services and support for the United Nations or one of its agencies to highlight key issues and to draw attention to UN activities.
Located on First Avenue between 42nd and 48th Streets, New York, New York, USA.
Established by the General Assembly resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006 as one of its subsidiary bodies.
Based in Geneva, Switzerland, in replacement of the Commission on Human Rights, to address violations of human rights, including gross and systematic violations, and promote effective coordination and the mainstreaming of human rights within the United Nations system.
Its documents are published under symbol A/HRC/session number/documentation number.
One of the so-called Charter-based bodies among the human rights bodies of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, along with the universal periodic review and the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council.
Based in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. An autonomous body of the United Nations established to serve as a vehicle to promote and undertake policy-oriented research and training programmes at the international level to contribute to the advancement of women worldwide.
Merged with United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women according to GA resolution 64/289.
Individual who possess widely recognized talents in the fields of arts, literature, music and sports and who has agreed to help focus worldwide attention on the work of the United Nations.
Came to be an award: Peace Messenger Award.
Part of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA).
Works as a clearing house of information and promote the sharing of experiences throughout the United Nations system and among Governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
In the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The focal point within the United Nations system on matters related to family.
Division for Social Policy and Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA).
The Commission on Human Rights has established many such posts. E.g., Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Services the sessions of the Statistical Commission.
Formerly known as the Statistical Division.
Formerly: United Nations Trust Fund for Chile. Created by the General Assembly in 1982.
The purpose is to receive voluntary contributions and distribute them to non-governmental organizations and treatment centres for assisting victims of torture and their relatives whose human rights have been severely violated as a result of torture, as well as for the funding of projects for training health-care professional specialized in the treatment of victims of torture.
The Fund is administered by the United Nations Secretary-General with a Board of Trustees acting in an advisory capacity and comprising five members with wide experience in the field of human rights. The members serve in their personal capacity and are appointed by the Secretary-General for a renewable three-year term of office on the basis of equitable geographical distribution.
One of the means of mitigating the physical and mental consequences of torture on victims and their families -- consequences that can endure for several years and may be irreversible - is to provide them with medical, phsychological, social, legal and economic aid.
Established by General Assembly resolution 40/131of 13 December 1985 and administered by the Secretariat of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (SPFII), in accordance with the United Nations Financial Regulations and Rules and other relevant provisions.
Superseded by the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Peoples, pursuant to paragraph 10 of General Assembly resolution 68/149 adopted of 18 December 2013.
Established by the General Assembly in 1991 (resolution 46/122) to assist non-governmental organizations dealing with contemporary forms of slavery to participte in the deliberations of the Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery and to provide humanitarian, legal and financial aid to individuals victims of such violations. Administered through a Board of Trustees of five members.
Established in 1981. In accordance with General Assembly guidelines, the Fund supports activities to strengthen policymaking and programme planning capacities for youth and to encourage research, training, data collection and evaluation of technical information on youth issues. Fund resources are also used for youth-related technical cooperation activities requested by Governments, especially least-developed countries, and for activities and projects to further the implementation of the United Nations World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond.
The dialogue and interaction between civilian andmilitary actors in humanitarian emergencies that is necessary to protect and promote humanitarian principles, avoid competition, minimize inconsistency, and when appropriate pursue common goals. Basic strategies range from coexistence to cooperation. Coordination is a shared responsibility facilitated by liaison and common training.
Effective 1 January 2002, name for the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements and the United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements Foundation.
The mission of UN-Habitat is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all. UN-Habitat, formerly known as UNCHS (or Habitat), was established in October 1978 as the lead agency within the United Nations system for coordinating activities in the field of human settlements. It is the focal point for the implementation of the Habitat Agenda – the global plan of action adopted by the international community at the second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) in Istanbul, Turkey, in June 1996.
Programme established provide universal access, to all countries and to regional and international organizations, to all types of space-based information and services to support the full disaster management cycle by:
(1) being a gateway to space-information for disaster management support;
(2) serving as a bridge to connect disaster managment and space communities; and
(3) being a facilitator of capacity-building and institutional strengthening, in particular for developing countries.
Իրենց քաղաքացիության երկիր չհանդիսացող երկրում չափահասության տարիքի չհասած անձինք, որոնք մնացել են առանց ծնողի, խնամակալի կամ որևէ այլ չափահաս անձի ուղեկցության, որն օրինականորեն կամ սովորույթի ուժով պատասխանատվություն է կրում նրանց համար։ Առանց ուղեկցության երեխաներն առանձնահատուկ խնդիրներ են առաջացնում սահմանային վերահսկողության ստորաբաժանման ծառայողների համար, քանի որ փաստաթղթային խնդիրներ ունեցող` քաղաքացի չհանդիսացող չափահաս անձանց նկատմամբ կիրառվող կալանքը և մյուս գործելակերպերը կարող են նպատակահարմար չլինել երեխաների դեպքում։
Persons under the age of majority who are not accompanied by a parent, guardian, or other adult who by law or custom is responsible for them. Unaccompanied minors present special challenges for border control officials, because detention and other practices used with undocumented adult aliens may not be appropriate for minors.
Տե՛ս նաև առանց ուղեկցության երեխաներ
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has the following ten cosponsors, listed in the following order (according to UN rules):
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) http://www.unhcr.org/
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) http://www.unicef.org/
World Food Programme (WFP) http://www.wfp.org/
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) http://www.undp.org/
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) http://www.unfpa.org/
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) http://www.unodc.org/odccp/index.html
International Labour Organization (ILO) http://www.ilo.org/
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) http://www.unesco.org/
World Health Organization (WHO) http://www.who.int/en/
World Bank http://www.worldbank.org/
The Tribunal was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 351 A(IV) of 24 November 1949.
As a result of the decision of the General Assembly to establish a new system of administration of justice, including a two-tier formal system comprising a first instance, the United Nations Dispute Tribunal, and an appellate instance, the United Nations Appeals Tribunal, the UN Administrative Tribunal was abolished as of 31 December 2009. (See resolutions 61/261 of 4 April 2007, 62/228 of 22 December 2007 and 63/253 of 24 December 2008.)
See illegal entry
«Սահմանների հատումն առանց ընդունող պետություն օրինական մուտքի համար անհրաժեշտ պահանջների պահպանման» («Անդրազգային կազմակերպված հանցավորության դեմ» Միավորված ազգերի կազմակերպության կոնվենցիան լրացնող՝ «Ցամաքով, ծովով և օդով միգրանտներին մաքսանենգ ճանապարհով տեղափոխման դեմ» ՄԱԿ-ի 2000 թ. արձանագրության 3(բ) հոդված)։
An informal and flexible body, established on 1 January 2002 and composed of the heads of public information and communications of the organizations of the United Nations system. Replaced the Joint United Nations Information Committee. It is meant to provide a regular forum for consultation and coordination on communications policy and issues, as well as on joint strategies and programmes.
To develop and coordinate the implementation of joint communications strategies on priority issues, often in the lead-up to major conferences and other events, the United Nations Communications Group establishes task forces involving the organizations active in the preparation of the activity concerned.
The ensemble of agencies of the UN System in a given country. The objective of inter-agency cooperation is to ensure that a coherent approach is taken by UN bodies in their collective response to humanitarian, developmental, and other strategies relevant to thecountry in which they are operating.
Led by the Resident Coordinator.
Founded 30 December 1964 in Geneva, Switzerland, under General Assembly resolution 1995 (XIX) as a permanent organ of the United Nations, following the first Session, which was held from 23 March to 16 June 1964; linked to Economic and Social Council. Based at United Nations Office at Geneva.
UNCTAD meets in ministerial conference every four years to address key trade and development issues, as well as set the organization's mandate and work priorities.
The common strategic framework for UN operational activities at the country level that provides a collective, coherent and integrated response to national priorities and needs. Venn Diagrams: diagrams of circular (often overlapping) areas used to represent relationships. They are a useful means of showing the links between different types of groups in a clear, graphic format.
The probability (expressed as a rate per 1000 live births) of a child born in a specified year dying before reaching the age of five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates.
Adjective or noun ("the undernourished") used to refer to people, or animals more generally, whose dietary energy intake is below that needed for maintaining a healthy and active life.
The number of persons undernourished is typically obtained by multiplying estimates of the proportion of undernourished for each country by estimates of the total population.
Describes the status of people whose food intake does not include enough calories (energy) to meet minimum physiological needs. The term is a measure of a country's ability to gain access to food and is normally derived from Food Balance Sheets prepared by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Low weight for age or weight for age more than a standard deviation of 2 below the median value deviation of 2 below the median value
Այն երեխաները, որոնց քաշն ըստ տարիքի ստանդարտ բնակչության մեդիանից ցածր է երկու ստանդարտ շեղումով, համարվում են թերքաշ, իսկ երեք ստանդարտ շեղումով՝ սուր թերքաշ:
Established by the Secretary-General; comprising the major United Nations development programmes and funds, as well as departments and other relevant entities; objectives of the Group were to facilitate joint policy formation and decision-making, encourage programmatic cooperation and realize management efficiencies; superseded the Executive Committee for Development Operations; was to have its own Executive Committee.
One of the three pillars of the United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination, along with the High-level Committee on Management and the High-level Committee on Programmes.
The Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) chairs the UNDG.
An alien who enters a country at the wrong time or place, eludes an examination by officials, obtains entry by fraud, or enters into a sham marriage to evade immigration laws. This would include, among others, one:
(a) who has no legal documentation to enter a country but manages to enter clandestinely,
(b) who enters using fraudulent documentation, or
(c) who, after entering using legal documentation, has stayed beyond the time authorized or otherwise violated the terms of entry and remained without authorization.
Քաղաքացիություն չունեցող անձ, որը մուտք է գործում երկիր կամ մնում է այնտեղ առանց համապատասխան փաստաթղթերի։ Փաստաթղթային խնդիրներ ունեցող միգրանտ է համարվում նաև այն անձը, որը՝ ա) չունի երկիր մուտք գործելու համար պահանջվող օրինական փաստաթղթեր, բայց ով կարողանում է այնտեղ մուտք գործել լատենտային եղանակով, բ) մուտք է գործում երկիր և մնում այնտեղ՝ օգտագործելով կեղծ փաստաթղթեր, գ) օրինական փաստաթղթերով երկիր մուտք գործելուց հետո այնտեղ մնացել է թույլատրված ժամկետից ավելի կամ որևէ այլ կերպ խախտել է մուտքի պայմանները և զրկվել թույլտվությունից։
Migrant workers or members of their families, who are not authorized to enter, to stay or to engage in employment in a State.
Միգրանտ աշխատողներ կամ նրանց ընտանիքների անդամներ, որոնց չի թույլատրվում որևէ պետության տարածք մուտք գործել, այնտեղ գտնվել կամ աշխատել:
UNEF I: November 1956-June 1967, the first United Nations peacekeeping force – was established by the first emergency special session of the General Assembly which was held from 1 to 10 November 1956. The mandate of the Force was to secure and supervise the cessation of hostilities, including the withdrawal of the armed forces of France, Israel and the United Kingdom from Egyptian territory and, after the withdrawal, to serve as a buffer between the Egyptian and Israeli forces and to provide impartial supervision of the ceasefire. UNEF was withdrawn in May-June 1967, at Egypt's request.
UNEF II: October 1973-July 1979. S/Res/340 (1975), S/Res/438 (1978): to supervise the ceasefire between Egyptian and Israeli forces and, after the agreements of 18 January 1974 and 4 September 1975, to supervise the redeployment of Egyptian and Israeli forces and to man and control the buffer zone established under those agreements.
Unemployment rate (Labour force participation rate) is the share of unemployed among the total number of economically active population.
Գործազրկության մակարդակը գործազուրկների տեսակարար կշիռն է տնտեսապես ակտիվ բնակչության թվաքանակում:
First established in 1968 as the United Nations Social Defence Research Institute (UNSDRI) by resolution 1086 B (XXXIX) of the Economic and Social Council, which requested the Secretary-General to proceed with arrangements to strengthen the United Nations action in the prevention and control of both juvenile delinquency and adult criminality.
The Institute has been located in Rome since its founding. Following an agreement signed in 1995 between the United Nations and the Italian Government, UNICRI's headquarters were to be moved to Turin.
An act in which there is only one party (e.g., one State) whose will operates.
Variant : unilateral legal act [In A/CN.4/500, "unilateral legal act" is defined as "an unequivocal, autonomous expression of will, formulated publicly by one or more States in relation to one or more other States, the international community as a whole or an international organization, with the intention of acquiring international legal obligations".]
The cost of a single unit of output, such as cost per outpatient visit or hospital bed.
(a) All legislative bodies established by the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the Security Council, the Trusteeship Council or by one of their duly constituted subsidiary bodies;
(b) All legislative bodies that constitute an integral part of the decision-making process of the Organization, i.e. those that contribute to the work of the Organization either by rendering advice or adopting decisions or resolutions within their spheres of competence.
Name changed to Transnational Corporations and Management Division (TCMD)
Established in 1947, the Statistical Commission oversees the work of the United Nations Statistics Division, and is one of the nine functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council. The Commission, which is made up of 24 Member States holding four-year terms, considers special issues of concern in international statistical development, methodological issues, coordination and integration of international statistical programmes, support of technical cooperation activities in statistics and organizational matters.
The United Nations family of organizations or the United Nations system is made up of the United Nations Secretariat, the United Nations funds and programmes such as the United Nations Children's Fund and the United Nations Development Programme and the specialized agencies such as the International Labour Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Commonly used is the phrase working towards achieving the goal of universal access (not capitalized) to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. This initiative is outlined in the 2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS.
Սովորաբար կիրառվում է «գործունեություն` ուղղված ՄԻԱՎ-ի կանխարգելման, բուժման, խնամքի և աջակցության համընդհանուր հասանելիության ապահովման» ձևակերպումը: Այս նախաձեռնությունն ամրագրված է ՄԻԱՎ/ՁԻԱՀ-ի վերաբերյալ 2006 թ. քաղաքական հռչակագրում:
Adopted on 10 December 1948 by the General Assembly at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration states that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”
As of 2008, the Declaration had been translated into more than 335 languages.
Adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) at the twenty-ninth session of its General Conference, in November 1997.
Սկզբունք, որի համաձայն, ազգային դատարանները կարող են աշխարհի ցանկացած վայրում հանցագործություն կատարելու մեջ կասկածվող անձի նկատմամբ իրականացնել քննություն և դատական կարգով հետապնդում՝ անկախ մեղադրյալի կամ տուժողի քաղաքացիությունից կամ այն պետության հետ որևէ կապի բացակայությունից, որտեղ գտնվում է տվյալ դատարանը։ Համընդհանուր իրավազորությունը համարվում է բացարձակ սկզբունք։ Հռոմի միջազգային քրեական դատարանի կանոնադրության (1999 թ.) նախաբանով հիմնավորվում է համընդհանուր իրավազորության կիրառումը՝
«յուրաքանչյուր պետության պարտականությունն է իր քրեական իրավազորությունն իրականացնել միջազգային հանցագործությունների համար պատասխանատու անձանց նկատմամբ»։ Համընդհանուր իրավազորության իրականացման նպատակն է բարձրացնել միջազգային իրավունքի արդյունավետությունը՝ կանխելու որոշ իրավախախտումներ, այդ թվում, մասնավորապես, ցեղասպանության ծանր հանցագործությունները, մարդկության դեմ ուղղված հանցագործությունները, ռազմական հանցագործությունները, խոշտանգումը, արտադատական պատիժները և «անհետացումը»։ Միջազգային հանրության համոզմամբ՝ դրանք այնքան ծանր հանցագործություններ են, որ կարող են որակվել որպես ամբողջ մարդկության դեմ ուղղված հանցագործություններ և, հետևաբար, բոլոր պետությունները պարտավոր են ա-պահովել արդարադատության իրականացումը դրանց համար պատասխանատու անձանց նկատմամբ։
Review, based on objective and reliable information, of the fulfilment by each State of its human rights obligations and commitments in a manner which ensures universality of coverage and equal treatment with respect to all States. The review is a cooperative mechanism, based on an interactive dialogue, with the full involvement of the country concerned and with consideration given to its capacity-building needs.
This universal periodic review mechanism is meant to complement and not duplicate the work of treaty bodies. The Council is responsible for developing the modalities and necessary time allocation for the universal periodic review mechanism within one year after the holding of its first session.
It has been hoped that under this system, for the first time, the human rights records of all United Nations Member States - regardless of their size, wealth or military or political importance - will be regularly examined through a common mechanism.
Meeting of the Universal Postal Union (UNU) that was taking place once every four years in Geneva, Switzerland.
The universality of human rights means that human rights are the same for everyone, no matter who they are or where, or under what jurisdiction, they live.
Headquartered in Costa Rica, the United Nations-mandated university was established in December 1980 as a Treaty Organization by the General Assembly.
Has had an "Africa Programme Coordinating Office", located in Geneva, Switzerland.
See illegal entry
Տե՛ս նաև անօրինական մուտք, չթույլատրված/ապօրինի մուտք/ընդունում
As of February 2010, part of the Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO).
The Service is supervised by the Office of the Assistant Secretary-General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions. It works in partnership with communities, non-governmental organizations donors and the United Nations Mine Action Team to assist nations affected by landmines in building capacities to manage the problems caused by landmines and unexploded ordnance. It also coordinates the implementation of policy, and the strategy for 2006-2010 of the Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Mine Action.
Mission established in June 1999, under S/RES/1244. Its operational concept is found in S/1999/672.
The Mission is mandated to help the Security Council achieve an overall objective, namely, to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants of Kosovo and advance regional stability in the western Balkans.
Deployed since December 1994 under S/Res/968 (1994) to monitor ceasefire on the Tajik-Afghan border and within the country. When the Mission ended, in 2000, the Department of Political Affairs (DPA) established in the country the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace-building (UNTOP).
Superseded by United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace-building
UNODA was established in January 1998 as the Department for Disarmament Affairs which was part of the Secretary-General’s programme for reform in accordance with his report to the General Assembly (A/51/950).The Office promotes:
A global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations International Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention, UNODC operates in all regions of the world through an extensive network of Field Offices.
The Office relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from Governments, for 90 per cent of its budget. UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
Also termed an informal meeting – is convened by or on behalf of a calendar body, usually for the purpose of deliberations on a specific topic or proposal. An unofficial or informal meeting is not considered part of the body’s official entitlement and is thus additional. Unless previously decided, for example, replacing an unofficial with an official meeting or a conversion of an official to an unofficial meeting, no provision is made for conference services, although support may be provided by the secretariat of the body concerned. There are no written records of informal meetings.
Deployed since August 1993 under S/RES/858 (1993) to verify ceasefire between the Government of Georgia and the leadership of Abkhazia. UNOMIG's mandate was expanded following the signing by the parties of the 1994 Agreement on a Ceasefire and Separation of Forces.
UNOMIG came to an end on 15 June 2009 due to a lack of consensus among Security Council members on mandate extension. See SC/9681.
An entity of the United Nations system created by the General Assembly on 1 January 1995 to provide services to projects and programmes supported by United Nations Member States and organizations. Acting as executing, implementing and cooperating agency, UNOPS delivers procurement, management and support services to thousands of projects funded by organizations of the United Nations system and international financial institutions. In addition to implementing projects on behalf of United Nations agencies and programmes, the Office also administers Management Service Agreements on behalf of multilateral development banks, bilateral donors and recipient Governments.
Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Sport for Development and Peace; in Geneva.
Established under S/RES/743 (1992) and deployed under S/RES/749 (1992) to control access to United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs) in Croatia and ensure their demilitarization, to monitor the functioning of the local police in the UNPAs and facilitate the return of displaced persons. Its mandate was enlarged by S/RES/758 (1992) and S/RES/761 (1992) to allow deployment of military observers to Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, (airport and other locations) and to support efforts by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to deliver relief in the country. Headed by the Secretary-General's Special Representative for the former Yugoslavia, it included four components: military affairs, civil affairs (including civilian police), public information and administrative component.
Established in 2002, after the approval of its statute, as an institution for system-wide knowledge management, training and learning for the staff of the UN system. Training to focus in particular on economic and social development, peace and security and internal management of the system. Located in Turin, Italy.
Previously known as United Nations Staff College.
Deployed April 1989-March 1990 under S/Res/435 (1978) and S/Res/632 (1989) to assist the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to ensure the early independence of Namibia through elections under UN supervision.
Deployed since June 1948 under Security Council resolutions 50 (1948) and 339 (1973) to assist the United Nations Mediator on Palestine and the Truce Commission for Palestine in supervising the observance of the truce in Palestine, of the General Armistice Agreement of 1949, and to observe the ceasefire in the Suez Canal area and the Golan Heights following the Arab-Israeli war of June 1967. Contrary to other operations, which are headed by Force Commanders or Chief Military Observers (CMOs), UNTSO's commander was termed Chief of Staff (COS).
Down‐stream activities include direct contact with the people who will subsequently benefit. Upstream activities, on the contrary, work on a policy level, and are much more abstract and indirect.
Those, who are forced to leave their communities: those who flee because of persecution and war, those who are forcibly displaced because of environmental devastation, and those who are compelled to seek sustenance in a city or abroad because they cannot survive at home.
Անձինք, ովքեր հարկադրաբար լքում են իրենց համայնքները, ովքեր փախչում են հետապնդման կամ պատերազմի պատճառով, ովքեր հարկադրաբար տեղահանվում են բնապահպանական ավերածությունների պատճառով և ում ստիպել են այլ համայնքում կամ արտերկրում փնտրել գոյության միջոցներ, քանի որ նրանք չեն կարող գոյատևել իրենց հայրենի երկրում:
The percentage of the total population living in areas termed as “urban” by that country. Typically, the population living in towns of 2000 or more or in national and provincial capitals is classified as “urban”. Expressed as a percentage.
Internal migrants who move from urban to rural areas either for “new settlement” purposes or as return migration for those who have been rural-urban migrants.
Ներքին միգրանտներ, որոնք քաղաքային վայրերից տեղաշարժվում են գյուղական վայրեր «նոր վայրում բնակություն հաստատելու» նպատակով կամ որպես վերադարձ ենթադրող միգրացիա այն անձանց դեպքում, ովքեր եղել են գյուղից քաղաք տեղաշարժվող միգրանտներ։
Internal migrants who move from one urban area to another, generally for employment.
Ներքին միգրանտներ, որոնք մեկ քաղաքային վայրից տեղաշարժվում են մյուսը՝ հիմնականում աշխատանքի նպատակով։
An explosive weapon that has been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for use or used. It may have been fired, dropped, launched, or projected yet remains unexploded, either through malfunction or design or for any other reason. Ammunition consists of artillery shells, artillery rockets or mortar, some of which can dispense submunitions; the warheads (simply known as carrier) are adapted to discharge their payload with a delay or proximity fuse function. Submunition are bomblets or minelets that form part of a cluster bomb or artillery shell payload. A minelet is anything designed to be initiated by its victim. Bomblet is the term normally used to indicate a submunition containing a high explosive designed to detonate on impact or after short delay.