The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of November observances are:
The UN General Assembly proclaimed 2 November as the ‘International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists’ in General Assembly Resolution A/RES/68/163. The Resolution urged Member States to implement definite measures countering the present culture of impunity. The date was chosen in commemoration of the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2 Nov 2013.
In December 2015, the UN General Assembly designated 5 November as World Tsunami Awareness Day in its resolution A/RES/70/203. World Tsunami Awareness Day was the brainchild of Japan, which due to its repeated, bitter experience has over the years built up major expertise in areas such as tsunami early warning, public action and building back better after a disaster to reduce future impacts.
International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict highlights that over the last 60 years, at least 40 per cent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources such as timber, diamonds, gold, oil, fertile land and water. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2001 resolution A/RES/56/4.
World Science Day for Peace and Development is an opportunity to show the general public the relevance of science in their lives, reaffirm national and international commitments to science for peace and development, and promote the responsible use of science for the benefit of society. This Day was proclaimed by UNESCO in its 2001 resolution 31 C/Resolution 20.
The World Health Organization projects that the amount of people currently living with diabetes, 364 million, will double by 2030. World Diabetes Day raises awareness about diabetes prevention and helping people with diabetes to maximise their quality of life. The UN General Assembly designated this Day in its 2007 resolution A/RES/61/225.
Tolerance is an act of humanity. It promotes respect and appreciation of the rich variety of our world's cultures and forms of expression, and recognizes the universal human rights and fundamental freedoms of others. International Day for Tolerance highlights the need for tolerance and understanding in order to collectively address pressing challenges and secure a better future. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1996 resolution A/RES/51/95.
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death among young people, killing 1.2 million people every year and injuring 50 million more. World Day for Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was created to commemorate victims and support their relatives. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2005 resolution 6A/RES/60/5.
Around the world, 2.5 billion people continue to lack basic sanitation, including a clean toilet. World Toilet Day raises awareness about the need for all human beings to have access to sanitation. The UN General Assembly declared this Day in its 2013 resolution A/67/L.75.
African economies are among the fastest growing in the world, yet intra-regional trade accounts only for 10 per cent of the continent’s
commerce. Many constraints impede trade expansion in Africa, including obsolete infrastructure, low production capacities, limited investment financing and high transaction costs. The UN General Assembly proclaimed Africa Industrialization Day through its 1989 resolution A/RES/44/237.
The obligations of all States to succeeding generations can only be fulfilled by increased efforts on behalf of children. Universal Children’s Day promotes the ideals and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations and the welfare of the children of the world. The UN General Assembly proclaimed the Convention on the Rights of the Child adoption date through its 1954 resolution A/RES/836(IX) as the Universal Children’s Day.
World Television Day emphasizes that the television industry has the ability to promote mutual understanding and tolerance, with content that tells the stories and situations of people across the world. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1996 resolution A/RES/51/205.
For centuries, in every culture, philosophical concepts, ideas and analyses have provided the basis for critical, independent and creative thought. World Philosophy Day celebrates the importance of philosophical reflection, and encourages people all over the world to share their philosophical heritage with others. UNESCO established this Day in 2002.
Violence against women and girls takes many forms, including rape, domestic violence, harassment at work, abuse in school, female genital mutilation and sexual violence in armed conflicts. International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women highlights the inalienable rights of women and girls enshrined in international human rights and humanitarian law. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1999 resolution A/RES/54/134.
More than eight million Palestinian people live in territory occupied by Israel, in Israel, in neighbouring Arab States, and in regional refugee camps. International Day of Solidarity provides an opportunity to remind the international community that the question of Palestine remains unresolved and that the Palestinian people have not yet attained their inalienable rights including the right to self-determination and national independence. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1977 resolution 32/40B.
Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare commemorates those who have lost their lives due to chemical weapons and renews our resolve to eradicate these weapons from our world This Day, established by the Conference of the States Parties of OPCW (Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons), marks date in 1997 on which Chemical Weapons Convention entered into force.