The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of September observances are:
- September 5, International Day of Charity
Charity can alleviate the worst effects of humanitarian crises, supplement public services in health care, education, housing and child protection, and promote the rights of the marginalized and underprivileged. International Day of Charity, coinciding with the anniversary of the death of Mother Teresa, recognizes the role of charity in responding to humanitarian crises and human suffering. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2013 resolution A/RES/67/105.
- September 8, International literacy day
Literacy is the foundation for lifelong learning, better well-being and livelihoods. It is a driver for sustainable and inclusive development, providing individuals with the skills to understand and shape the world, participate in democratic processes, and strengthen their cultural identity. The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization proclaimed this Day in 1966.
- September 10, World Suicide Prevention Day
Every year, nearly one million people die from suicide. World Suicide Prevention Day encourages Governments to develop and maintain policy frameworks for national suicide prevention strategies. The World Health Organization supports the work of the International Association for Suicide Prevention in organizing this Day.
- September 12, United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation
South-South cooperation is an important element of international cooperation for development. The urges multilateral institutions to intensify their efforts to offer viable opportunities for developing countries in their individual and collective pursuit of sustained economic growth and sustainable development. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2004 resolution A/RES/58/220.
- September 15, International Day of Democracy
Freedom, respect for human rights and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy. International Day of Democracy reminds States of the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2007 resolution A/RES/62/7.
- September 16, International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
The ozone layer, a fragile shield of gas, protects the Earth from the harmful portion of the rays of the sun, thus helping preserve life on the planet. International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer marks the date of the signing, in 1987, of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day through its 1995 resolution A/RES/49/114.
- September 21, International Day of Peace
Sustainable peace requires sustainable development. International Day of Peace offers people globally a shared date to think about how, individually, they can contribute to strengthening the ideals of peace, both within and among all nations and peoples. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1981 resolution A/RES/36/67.
- September 23, International Day of Sign Languages
UN General Assembly has declared 23 September as International Day of Sign Languages in its 2017 December 19 resolution A/RES/72/161. The day aims to raise awareness of the importance of sign language in the full realization of the human rights of people who are deaf, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognizes and promotes the use of sign language.
- September 26, International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
Achieving global nuclear disarmament is one of the oldest goals of the United Nations. Since 1975, it has been a prominent theme of the review conferences of States parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. A/RES/68/32 resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 5 December 2013.
- September 26, World Maritime Day
World Maritime Day reminds the public that despite advances in technology, shipping acci¬dents continue to occur. The Day focuses attention on the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and marine environment, and reminds States to reinvest in maintaining, updating Convention on Safety of Life at Sea.
- September 27, World Tourism Day
Today, tourism is a trillion dollar sector involving the movement of over one billion tourists a year around the world and another five to six billion domestically. World Tourism Day fosters awareness in the international community of the importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value. UNWTO General Assembly decided to institute World Tourism Day since 1980.
- September 28, World Rabies Day
An estimated 55,000 people die every year from rabies-an average of one death every 10 minutes. World Rabies Day highlights the impact of human and animal rabies and effective ways to prevent and stop the disease. 28 September marks the anniversary of Louis Pasteur’s death, the French chemist microbiologist, who developed the first rabies vaccine.
- September 28, International Day for Universal Access to Information
On 17 November 2015, UNESCO adopted a resolution (38 C/70) declaring 28 September of every year as International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI). IDUAI has particular relevance with the new 2030 Development Agenda, and in particular with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 16.10, which calls for ensuring public access to information and protection of fundamental freedoms.
- September 30, International Translation Day
Transposition of a literary or scientific work, including technical work, from one language into another language, professional translation, including translation proper, interpretation and terminology, is indispensable to preserving clarity, a positive climate and productiveness in international public discourse and interpersonal communication. Thus, on 24 May 2017, the General Assembly adopted resolution 71/288 and deve¬lopment, and declared 30 September as International Translation Day.