The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of August observances are:
Indigenous peoples represent remarkable diversity. Around the world, more than 5,000 distinct indigenous groups live in some 90 countries. International Day of the World’s Indigenous People promotes the enjoyment of the rights of indigenous people and the full development of their distinct cultures and communities. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1995 resolution A/RES/49/214.
Young people today face pressing global challenges, including high levels of unemployment, vulnerable working conditions and marginalization from decision-making processes. International Youth Day promotes national action and international support to improve the situation of young people. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1999 resolution A/RES/54/120.
Every day humanitarian aid workers help millions of people in need around the world. World Humanitarian Day is a time to recognize those who face danger and adversity in order to help others. This Day coincides with the anniversary of the 2003 bombing of the UN headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2009 resolution A/RES/63/139.
The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its December 19, 2017 resolution A/RES/72/165, in order to honour the victims and survivors of terrorism and to promote and protect the full enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms. On 15 June 2017, the General Assembly established the United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT). It is fully committed to supporting victims of terrorism.
Freedom of religion or belief, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to peaceful assembly and the right to freedom of association are interdependent, interrelated and mutually reinforcing. There are continuing acts of intolerance and violence based on religion or belief against individuals, including against persons belonging to religious communities and religious minorities around the world. That is why the UN General Assembly proclaimed 22 August as the International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief in its 2019 resolution A/RES/73/296.
This International Day recalls that the slave trade is not just a thing of the past. It reveals how the slave trade has shaped the face of many modern societies, creating unbreakable bonds between peoples and continents, irreversibly transforming the destiny of nations as well as their economies, cultures, and identities.
Since nuclear weapons testing began in the mid-twentieth century, history has shown us the terrifying and tragic effects of nuclear weapons testing and its continued threat to human health and global stability. International Day against Nuclear Tests urges States to observe their obligation to develop and sustain international peace through nuclear disarmament. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2009 resolution A/RES/64/35.
Enforced disappearance is often used as a strategy to spread terror within communities. While once largely the product of military dicta¬torships, enforced disappearance has become a global problem. This Day urges States to strengthen laws to prevent human rights violations, support the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances. UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2012 resolution A/RES/65/209.