The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of June observances are:
- June 1, Global Day of Parents
The family has the primary responsibility to protect, nurture and raise children. Global Day of Parents provides an opportunity to appreciate all parents in all parts of the world for their selfless commitment to children and their lifelong sacrifice towards nurturing this relationship. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2012 resolution A/RES/66/292.
- June 3, World Bicycle Day
Acknowledging the uniqueness, longevity and versatility of the bicycle, which has been in use for two centuries, and that it is a simple, affordable, reliable, clean and environmentally fit sustainable means of transportation, fostering environmental stewardship and health, the General Assembly decided to declare 3 June World Bicycle Day.
- June 4, International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
With the development of more sophisticated and destructive weapons, wars are no longer limited to fighting soldiers; they have taken a severe toll on civilians, among whom the most vulnerable are children. International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression highlights our obligation, enshrined in the UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child, to ensure that all children enjoy special protection. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1983 resolution A/RES/ES-7/8.
- June 5, World Environment Day
The 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment stated that humans bear a solemn responsibility to protect and improve the environment for present and future generations. World Environment Day is celebrated to remind all States of their commitment to preserve the environment we live in, to raise awareness of the dangers of climate change. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1972 resolution A/RES/2994 (XXVII).
- June 5, International Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
Target 14.4 of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015 by the UN General Assembly, specifically urges the international community to “effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices” by 2020.
- June 6, Russian Language Day at the UN
Language Days at the United Nations seek to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity as well as to promote equal use of all six official languages throughout the Organization. Russian language plays a significant role in spreading the message of the UN in the world. The celebration the Day traditionally coincides with the birthday of Alexander Pushkin, a great Russian poet.
- June 7, World Food Safety Day
With an estimated 600 million cases of foodborne illnesses annually, unsafe food is a threat to human health and economies, disproportionally affecting vulnerable and marginalized people, especially women and children, populations affected by conflict, and migrants.
In December 2018 the General Assembly decided to designate 7 June as World Food Safety Day
World Oceans Day celebrates our world's shared oceans, and raises awareness about the crucial role they play in our lives and the important ways people can help protect them. The observance also encourages States to cooperate on matters relating to navigational safety and the prevention, reduction and control of pollution from ships. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2008 resolution A/RES/63/111.
- June 12, World Day against Child Labour
An estimated 215 million children are trapped in child labour worldwide, such as work in hazardous environments, slavery or other forms of forced labour, illicit activities including drug trafficking and prostitution, and involvement in armed conflict. The International Labour Organization launched World Day against Child in 2002.
- June 13, International Albinism Awareness Day
The physical appearance of persons with albinism is often the object of erroneous beliefs and myths influenced by superstition, which foster their marginalization and social exclusion. This leads to various forms of stigma and discrimination. On 18 December 2014, the General Assembly proclaimed 13 June as an International Albinism Awareness Day that is in effect from 2015.
- June 14, World Blood Donor Day
Blood transfusion saves lives and improves health, yet many patients requiring transfusion do not have timely access to safe blood. About 107 million blood donations are collected worldwide, but almost half of these are collected in high-income countries, home to 15 per cent of the world's population.The World Health Organization proclaimed this World Blood Donor Day in 2004.
- June 15, World Elder Abuse Awareness Day
Elder abuse is a global human rights issue which affects the health of millions of older persons around the world. The incidence of abuse towards older people is predicted to increase as many countries are experiencing rapidly ageing populations, with the global population of persons aged 60 years and older estimated to reach 1.2 billion in 2025. The UN General Assembly proclaimed World Elder Abuse Awareness Day in its 2012 resolution A/RES/66/127.
- June 16, nternational Day of Family Remittances
The International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR), celebrated every year on 16 June, is aimed at recognizing the significant financial contribution migrant workers make to the wellbeing of their families back home and to the sustainable development of their countries of origin. UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2015 resolution A/RES/71/237.
- June 17, World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought
Each year, 12 million hectares of land are lost due to desertification, directly affecting the lives of 1.5 billion people worldwide. World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought reminds States of their pledge to work together to maintain and restore land and soil productivity, and to mitigate the effects of drought in drylands. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1995 resolution A/RES/49/115.
- June 18, Sustainable Gastronomy Day
The UN General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2016 its resolution A/RES/71/246 and designated 18 June as an international observance, Sustainable Gastronomy Day.
The decision acknowledges gastronomy as a cultural expression related to the natural and cultural diversity, promoting: agricultural development; food security; nutrition; sustainable food production; and conservation of biodiversity.
- June 19, International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict
On 19 June 2015, the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/69/293) proclaimed 19 June of each year the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, in order to raise awareness of the need to put an end to conflict-related sexual violence, to honour the victims and survivors of sexual violence.
- June 20, World Refugee Day
Every minute, eight people somewhere in the world leave everything behind to escape war, persecution or terror. There are now more than 45 million refugees and internally displaced people throughout the world—the highest level in nearly 20 years. World Refugee Day calls on the international community to intensify efforts to prevent and resolve conflicts. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this observance in its 2001 resolution A/RES/55/76.
- June 21, International Day of Yoga
On 11 December 2014, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 21 June as the International Day of Yoga by resolution A/RES/69/131.Yoga is an ancient physical, mental and spiritual practice that originated in India. The word ‘yoga’ derives from Sanskrit and means to join or to unite, symbolizing the union of body and consciousness. Today it is practiced in various forms around the world and continues to grow in popularity.
- June 23, International Widows’ Day
Millions of the world's widows endure extreme poverty, ostracism, violence, homelessness, ill health and discrimination in law and custom. An estimated 115 million widows live in poverty, and 81 million have suffered physical abuse. This Day promotes an end to all discrimination against the world's widows, and advocates for the rights of all widows. The UN General Assembly declared this Day in its 2010 resolution A/RES/65/189.
- June 23, United Nations Public Service Day
The United Nations has long recognized the importance of good governance and efficient public administration. UN Public Service Day celebrates the value and virtue of public service to the community; highlights the contribution of public service to development; recognizes the work of public servants; and encourages young people to pursue careers in the public sector. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 2003 resolution A/RES/57/277.
- June 25, Day of the Seafarer
Seafarers take on considerable risks in their daily duties. They work away from their families and friends for long periods of time, often in hostile environments. Day of the Seafarer provides an opportunity to pay tribute to the world's 1.5 million seafarers. The International Maritime Organization proclaimed this Day in 2010.
- June 26, International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
An estimated 210 million people use illicit drugs annually, with almost 200,000 deaths reported due to their consumption. International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking raises awareness of the billions of dollars generated from illicit drugs that fuel terrorist activities, human trafficking and arms smuggling The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1987 resolution A/RES/42/112.
- June 26, United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture
Every day, women, men and children are tortured or abused with the intention of destroying their sense of dignity and human worth. International Day in Support of Victims of Torture was established to promote the UN's aim to completely eradicate torture and see the effective functioning of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which entered into force in 1987. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day through its 1997 resolution A/RES/52/149.
- June 27, Micro-, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day
The General Assembly, recognizing the need to improve small business access to microfinance and credit, decided to designate 27 June as Micro-, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day through its resolution A/RES/71/279. The goal is increase awareness and actions to support small business.
- June 29, International Day of the Tropics
The United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/267 on 14 June 2016, which declared that 29 June of each year is to be observed as the International Day of the Tropics. Tropical nations have made significant progress, but face a variety of challenges that demand attention across a range of development indicators and data in order to achieve sustainable development.
- June 30, International Asteroid Day
In December 2016 United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/71/90, declaring 30 June International Asteroid Day in order to "observe each year at international level the anniversary of the Tunguska impact over Siberia, Russian Federation, on 30 June 1908, and to raise public awareness about the asteroid impact hazard."
- June 30, International Day of Parliamentarism
For the 1st time, 30 June, 2018 is celebrated as the International Day of Parliamentarism. It is the date, in 1889, on which the Inter-Parliamentary Union - the global organization of parliaments - was established. This Day celebrates parliaments to identify challenges and ways to address them effectively. In countries emerging from conflict parliaments can help a peaceful transition to a functioning democracy by healing divisions in society through dialogue and cooperation.