The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of January observances are:
It is estimated by the World Health Organization, that globally approximately 1.3 billion people live with some form of distance or near vision impairment. World Braille Day is observed in order to raise awareness of the importance of braille as a means of communication in the full realization of the human rights for blind and partially sighted people.
The first World Braille Day is celebrated on 4 January 2019. In November 2018 the General Assembly decided to proclaim this day upon A/RES/73/161 in recognition that promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms in the context of access to written language is a critical prerequisite to the full realization of human rights for blind and partially sighted people.
By proclaiming this day, UN member states recognized the importance of working to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels – so that all people may have access to lifelong learning opportunities that help them to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to access opportunities to participate fully in society and contribute to sustainable development. The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed this day upon its resolution A/RES/73/25 in 2018. The first International Day of Education is celebrated on January 24, 2019.
The Holocaust resulted in the murder of one third of the Jewish people along with other minorities. It will forever be a warning to all people of the dangers of hatred, bigotry, racism and prejudice. International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust reminding the world to prevent future acts of genocide is observed with ceremonies and activities worldwide. The UN General Assembly designated this Day in its 2005 resolution A/RES/60/7.