The United Nations observes designated days, weeks, years, and decades, each with a theme, or topic. By creating special observances, the United Nations promotes international awareness and action on these issues.The majority of observances have been established by resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, although some have been designated by UN specialized agencies.
The list of July observances are:
Cooperatives are critical in supporting indigenous communities, and in offering productive employment opportunities for women, youth, persons with disabilities, older persons and others who face discrimination and marginalization. On International Day of Cooperatives, we celebrate how cooperatives build a better world by advancing sustainable development, social integration and decent work. Each year events are held to promote youth participation and highlight current internships and cooperatives. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day in its 1992 resolution A/RES/47/90.
The world population reached 7 billion people in 2011, up from 2.5 billion in 1950. World Population Day highlights both the challenge and the opportunity of the world's growing population. The Day focuses attention on the urgency and importance of finding solutions for the world's population issues, including sustainability, urbanization, access to health services, and youth empowerment. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this Day through its 1989 resolution 89/46.
Young people are almost three times more likely to be unemployed than adults and continuously exposed to lower quality of jobs, greater labor market inequalities, and more insecure school-to-work transitions. In addition, women are more likely to be underemployed and under-paid, and to undertake part-time jobs or work under temporary contracts. That is why education and training are key determinants of success in the labor market. But unfortunately, existing systems are failing to address the learning needs of many young people, and surveys of learning outcomes and skills show that a large number of youth have low levels of achievement in basic literacy and numeracy. Skills and jobs for youth feature prominently in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and SDG target 4.4 calls for a substantial increase in the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills.
For 67 years Nelson Mandela devoted his life to the service of humanity—as a human rights lawyer, a prisoner of conscience, an international peacemaker and the first democratically elected president of a free South Africa. Nelson Mandela International Day recognizes the former South African President’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom. The UN joins a call by the Nelson Mandela Foundation to devote 67 minutes to helping others as a way to mark this Day. The UN General Assembly proclaimed this observance in its 2009 resolution A/RES/64/13.
An estimated 1.4 million cases of hepatitis occur annually. Despite its staggering toll on health, hepatitis remains a group of diseases that are largely, undiagnosed and untreated. World Hepatitis Day focuses on raising awareness of the different forms of hepatitis and how they are transmitted, who is at risk, and the various methods of prevention and treatment. Each year, events are held to inform the public of the health effects of hepatitis and the most effective forms of prevention. This Day was first marked by the World Health Organization in 2011.
The World Day against Trafficking in Persons was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/68/192. Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. UNODC, as guardian of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the Protocols thereto, assists States in their efforts to implement the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons․